How Comparative Law Has Contributed To Constitutional Development Across Governments

Different government institutions are guided by distinct sets of rules. To have order in how people interact across jurisdictions, there is need to have some laws written to direct the extent and fashion through which people connect with each other. Many governments have come up with research institutes that help in constitutional development and the advancement of existing laws to serve the government and its people better. Understanding the usefulness of laws before applying them prevents possible conflicts or failures that could require heavy spending to restore order.

Comparative law is an area that has seen massive changes and development over the years because of the great purpose the practice has been serving. In the 18th century, comparative law was born after scholars from Europe sought to understand the differences in law and government institutions that make others more effective.

This process inspired them to travel across Europe analyzing different laws and picking those that proved effective to improve different structures. This practice continued to gain in popularity and today many governments apply comparative law while developing rules to control their functions.

In the modern setting, comparative law has been serving the needs of people from different parts of the work by ensuring only those parts that are useful are adopted for integration in government rules. Having institutions that research and analyze existing laws has helped to improve the laws applied by government institutions. Comparative law has especially been effective while dealing with constitutional development.

During the process of drafting a new constitution, different governments appoint professionals from other regions who bring in new ideas and concepts that they carried along. These new ideas help to improve the process of drafting the constitution by making it diverse and highly inclusive of all communities and societies.

Sujit Choudhry

As a professor of comparative law, Sujit Choudhry has been working on helping governments and organizations to draft laws and procedures that are aligned towards offering better ways of handling problems. He boasts of experience working on constitutional development and offering advice to help cure communities from violent conflicts.

Additionally, Sujit Choudhry has written extensively, covering more on constitutional law and his published 90 articles expound on governance and the importance of comparative laws in the constitutional development process. Some of his edited books include The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, published in 2006, and Constitution Making, which is being prepared for release early 2017.

Sujit Choudhry Is An Expert In Comparative Law

Comparative law focuses on studying the similarities and differences between the laws of various countries. The study concentrates on the different legal systems such as civil law, common law, Canon law, socialist law, Jewish law, Hindu law, and Islamic law. The study of foreign legal systems, without undertaking explicit comparison, also exists under this branch of law. Comparative law is of particular importance in the modern age where democratization, internationalization, and economic globalization are of great significance to the society.

Scholars have practiced comparative law methodologies for many years. However, the modern comparative law originated in Europe in the 18th century. One of the earliest scholars of modern comparative law is Montesquieu. In the third chapter of his book, De l’Espirit des Lois, he laid down an approach that has been used by modern scholars in the field. The book was published in 1748.

In Britain, Sir Henry James Sumner Maine, a jurist and Oxford’s first comparative law professor, pioneered the study of modern comparative law. He focused on how laws from other countries could be adopted by comparing the similarities in the institutions and political laws of the two nations. His work, Ancient Law, expressed the scholar’s view on primitive laws and comparative discussions of legal traditions in the East and West.

The increasing globalization and the adoption of foreign laws necessitated the establishment of a comparative subject at the University of Oxford in 1869. Maine was appointed to take up the position. He became the first comparative law professor in history.

The growing importance of comparative law, as necessitated by globalization, has led to the growth of sub-branches of the same. They include comparative civil law, comparative administrative law, comparative commercial law, and constitutional comparative law. Comparative law serves various purposes in the society. It helps to perfect the legal systems, help people gain a better understanding of legal systems, and assist in the unification of legal systems.

About Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry is a constitutional law expert. His expertise in the field has seen him participate in the constitution-building processes in various countries, including Nepal, South Africa, Tunisia, Ukraine, Sri Lanka, Libya, Jordan, Egypt, and Nepal. Professor Choudhry has also given public lectures in over two dozen countries.

Currently, the professor is an I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law at the University of California. Previously, he worked for the New York University as a Cecelia Goetz Professor of Law. Choudhry is also the founder and the faculty director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. This institution aids in enhancing the constitution making process. It also enables professionals to embark on analyzing thematic research projects to come up with sound policy decisions.

The Ins and Outs of the SEC Whistleblower Law

The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) realizes there is an invisible wall it must break through in order to uncover crimes occurring in the financial world. The invisible wall may be better referred to as the “code of silence” among those working in the financial industry. People do not talk about what happened outside of the realm of their job — even when what may be occurring is illegal.

 

The invisible wall is backed up by the physical walls used to create the many tall and impressive buildings in the financial industry. SEC investigators cannot exactly walk into an office and start looking about — at least not without a warrant.

 

The 2008 Dodd-Frank Bill was born out of the outrageous collapse of the housing market. On a seemingly nice fall day, people turned on their television sets to discover the stock market was collapsing. This was the result of a meltdown in the housing market.

 

Why did the market hit such a massive and surprising downturn? The trading of derivatives connected to “toxic loans” was being conducted by members of Wall Street. No, not everyone in the lending and financial world was in on the risky endeavor. Not everyone had to be. Enough people were involved with the situation to create a very scary situation, one that should have been avoided. The drafting of the Dodd-Frank Financial Reform Bill was intended to do just that.

 

In the text of the massive legislation was written laws related to whistleblowing. Two very important aspects of laws related to whistleblowing were created. One dealt with serving protections to those who come forward and the other focused on rewards. Both of these absolutely do give people who may know something about illegal activities a reason to come forward. Reward money definitely helps motivate people for sure. Understanding that repercussions may be prevented under the law does further assist those worried about coming forward to put their hearts and minds at ease.

 

Is the “average person” skilled enough to navigate all the complexities of the Dodd-Frank law? Likely, working with a SEC whistleblower lawyer would be a far better plan. This way, the process moves along much smoother and to a preferred end. An attorney is more than able of making sure all reward funds are processed as promised. Only a professional with the necessary experience is capable of performing as a solid representative in all legal proceedings.

Whistleblowers Now Given Protection And Incentives

Since the precipitation of the Great Recession that began in 2008, a number of laws have been passed to prevent financial collapse and restore accountability in major financial corporations. One of the major laws passed has been the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act which went into effect in 2010.

One of the hallmarks of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is the creation of a major whistleblower program. One key point of the whistleblower program under Dodd-Frank is that whistleblowers from across the financial sector are given protection under the law. Another key point is that whistleblowers are given great incentive to step forward and report violations that they have witnessed or believe to be occurring.

The whistleblower program of Dodd-Frank protects whistleblowers from retaliation by employers. This can include counter lawsuits, allegations of breaching company policy, termination of employment and general harassment. Furthermore whistleblowers can report allegations of violating the law anonymously. This gives whistleblowers an added degree of safety and security to come forward. They can reveal violations without exposing their own identities.

If the Securities and Exchange Commission of the federal government finds a company guilty, the whistleblower will get a percentage of the settlement amount if he or she gave information that led to prosecution. The amount ranges from 10-30% of the fines paid by the company to the SEC. Additionally, if a company reaches a settlement greater than $1 million dollars with the SEC, whistleblowers qualify for additional award money if the companies settle with other government enforcement organizations.

The creation of this new whistleblower program has created a need for law firms that will represent and fight on the behalf of whistleblowers who wish to expose corrupt practices in finance. The law firm of Labatan Sucharow is a pioneer in setting up special litigation units that deal exclusively with whistleblowers. Labatan Sucharow’s whistleblower division is led by a past senior enforcement official at the Securities and Exchange Commission.

An entire team of investigators which includes accountants and financial analysts that can dig through records and statements will fight on the behalf of the whistleblower’s case against possible violators. Labatan Sucharow also represents whistleblowers from abroad and offers translation services. Employees of multinational firms or those working abroad should not be afraid to speak out and report misconduct to the SEC in the USA. Labatan Sucharow offers a free consultation and reports of violation can be made without revealing the company who is the violator or the whistleblower identity. Learn more: http://www.secwhistlebloweradvocate.com/

Ross Abelow: New York City Lawyer and Philanthropist

If you reside or do business in New York City, you may have heard about Ross Abelow. Abelow is a reputed lawyer who is known for his law practice as well as community service. He is a graduate of both New York University and the Brooklyn College of Law.

He is the brains behind the Go Fund Campaign that was launched early this year so as to raise money for helping animal shelters around the city. He was inspired by the fact that animals were out in the cold and they died because of the cold, lack of food and medicine. The worst bit was that animal shelters were full or under equipped to take in more animals. The money contributed would go towards equipping these shelters with food, bedding, medicine and even vaccines so as to enable them accommodate more animals left homeless in the streets of New York City. The campaign brought forth many animal lovers, both in New York City and beyond.

Apart from his work towards community service, Abelow is also a serious lawyer. He is a matrimonial lawyer, a succession lawyer, an entertainment lawyer and a commercial lawyer. As a matrimonial lawyer, he deals with all family matters, ranging from child custody, maintenance, separation and even divorce. He is also a good lawyer if you want someone to help you reach favourable terns during divorce. He will help you go through the settlement out of court or even in court.

As a succession lawyer, Abelow will tell you that it is important to have a will before you die. The will contains directions as to how you want your property to be shared among your loved ones before you pass on. He is also a commercial litigator and deals with individuals and companies alike. His role as a commercial lawyer centers around giving sound legal advice in relation to contractual relationships as well as steps to register a business and so on.

Abelow also has clients who are in the entertainment industry. He helps celebrities and recording artists on how to get into legal contractual relationships and how to avoid liability when the contract goes sour. He is also in the business of helping them come up with contracts that consider their interests and obligations.

I you are looking for a lawyer who has your best interests at heart, look for Ross Abelow today. He treats all his clients with professionalism and friendliness.

Learn more:

https://www.lawyer.com/ross-abelow.html

http://lawyerofnewyork.com/new-york-lawyers/ross-abelow

Ross Abelow’s Fundraiser to Help Save Homeless Animals

Diving head first into the new year is New York City lawyer, Ross Abelow, with his fundraising attempts to get homeless animals out of the frigid cold and into the warmth of the city’s animal shelters. On January 13th, 2016, Abelow started his GoFundMe campaign with the goal to raise $5000. During the winter months, the temperatures dip down to dangerous levels, with chances of wind chills making the ‘real feel’ temps unbearable. The money will not only give the shelters more assistance in getting these homeless animals into their shelters, but also lend a hand with expenses such as: food, medical care, blankets, and other items to make these vulnerable animals feel cared for and comfortable. Ableow’s ultimate goal will be to lower the number of animals left to defend for themselves on the streets and raise the number of animals kept safely in New York area shelters, preventing unnecessary animal deaths.

Ross Martin Abelow is no stranger to the New York City area. He completed his undergraduate degree at the State University in New York at Albany. Continuing on his education in 1989, he graduated from Brooklyn Law School with his law degree. Quickly after that he became licensed to practice law in New York in the year 1990. His career has since been centered on the practice areas of matrimonial law, family law, commercial litigation, and entertainment law. Now, after 26 years of hard work and defending clients, Abelow is now a partner at the law firm, Abelow & Cassandro, Llp.

Keeping a strong presence online, Abelow stays active writing legal articles for many blogs, as well as running his own personal blog that talks about financial and legal matters. In addition, Abelow regularly updates his other sites, like Facebook and Mashable.

Ross Abelow’s fundraiser is set up through the site GoFundMe. More in-depth information about the fundraiser can be found at its personal GoFundMe page. To get in touch with Ross Abelow for any questions about becoming a donor or any additional questions about the fundraiser in general, he can be contacted directly through the site.

More info about Ross Abelow:

How Ross Abelow Helps Divorcees and Enternainers from Ross Abelow